S. Korea on high alert amid possible human-to-human spread of new coronavirus

South Korea’s Quarantine Authorities on Tuesday said they are ratcheting up efforts to contain a new type of Chinese coronavirus amid reports that the virus can spread among people.

Media reports indicated that two Chinese confirmed to have been infected with the new strain of the pneumonia-like illness have never been to the city of Wuhan where the virus appears to have originated.
“There are circumstances in which the new coronavirus was transmitted between humans.

“We cannot give exact details as the matter is currently being judged,” Lee Sun-kyoo, an official of the Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), said.
The KCDC said that it would take precautionary steps, such as requiring medical staff to wear masks and mandating that those who show pneumonia-like symptoms be subject to compulsory quarantine.

A Chinese national who arrived through South Korea’s main gateway, Incheon International Airport, was confirmed with the disease on Monday, and the 35-year old woman from Wuhan is currently being quarantined at a designated isolation ward.

According to the KCDC, she is in a stable condition, with no pneumonia-like symptoms present.
“An epidemiological investigation shows that 44 people, including 29 passengers and 5 flight crew members, had contact with the patient.

“Nine of them already left the country, and the other 35 people have not shown any symptoms,’’ the KCDC said.
The KCDC said that three more people who showed pneumonia-like symptoms and were placed in quarantine earlier in the day have all tested negative from the new type of coronavirus.

It said the three had common cases of influenza and acute respiratory virus infections, and that they were released from isolation.

Earlier, the KCDC elevated the country’s infectious disease alert level from “blue” to “yellow” and asked airports and sea ferry terminals nationwide to strengthen quarantine efforts.
Incheon International Airport, the country’s main passenger transportation hub, said it expects to handle over a million people during the four day-long Lunar New Year holiday that kicks off on Friday.

Airport authorities said that with such a large number of people using its facilities it would take every action to detect and isolate people showing symptoms and conduct sweeping quarantine and disinfection operations of public areas, including toilets, drinking fountains, phone booths and escalators.

It added that people getting off planes from Wuhan would be processed through a separate gate.
Gimhae International Airport, the gateway to Busan and southeastern South Korea, shifted to a heightened alert status.

The Gimhae airport, which receives a large share of its international traffic from China, has no direct flight route to Wuhan of Hubei Province but operates a number of routes to other cities in China and Southeast Asia.
A KCDC official at the Gimhae airport said the agency is closely checking the body temperatures of international passengers arriving from China and other regions.

Cheongju International Airport, located in the central part of the country, has also stepped up inspections, although it does not operate direct flights from Wuhan, however has a high number of inbound travellers.
The airports have also been offering information and guidance on preventive measures for infectious diseases to China-bound travellers.
Beijing put the death toll from the coronavirus at six, with a total of 258 people testing positive for the virus associated with the illness, including some 15 medical personnel.

It said over 700 people are being closely monitored.
The head of a Chinese government agency also said during a TV interview that human-to-human transmission had been confirmed in an outbreak of the coronavirus, adding to worries it could spread more quickly and widely.
Beijing had initially said the coronavirus was not contagious amid people.

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